2 Corinthians 9
9:1 For as touching the ministering to the saints [needy believers in
9:2 For I know the forwardness of your mind, for which I boast of you to them of
9:3 Yet have I sent the brethren [Titus and the two representatives mentioned in 8:16-23; their job was to inspire the Corinthians to follow-through on their commitment to give (read Paul’s instructions to the Corinthians in 1 Cor. 9:1-4)], lest our boasting of you should be in vain [the Corinthians started their giving before the Macedonian churches, but the Macedonian churches completed their giving before the Corinthians] in this behalf; that, as I said, ye may be ready [the time had come for their good intentions to result in practical action]:
9:4 Lest haply if they of Macedonia [representatives of the Macedonian churches (Philippi, Thessalonica, Berea)] come with me, and find you unprepared [without their offering or not ready to give], we [Paul, in particular, would look like a liar] (that we say not, ye [the Corinthians would be embarrassed because of not living up to Paul’s words about them]) should be ashamed in this same confident boasting.
9:5 Therefore I thought it necessary to exhort the brethren, that they [Titus and the two representatives mentioned in 8:16-23] would go before unto you, and make up beforehand your bounty [the Corinthians had an abundance out of which to give (cf. 2 Cor. 8:14)], whereof ye had notice before [the Corinthian Christians had pledged to give a generous gift a year earlier (cf. 2 Cor. 9:2); Paul wanted for them to live up to their commitment], that the same might be ready, as a matter of bounty [the overflow of a loving and willing heart], and not as of covetousness.
9:6 But this I say [the principal of sowing and reaping; cf. Gal. 6:7-8], He which soweth sparingly shall reap [spiritual and material blessings] also sparingly; and he which soweth bountifully shall reap [spiritual and material blessings] also bountifully.
9:7 Every man according as he purposeth [planned or determined; to choose beforehand; intentional rather than impulsive giving (see 1 Cor. 16:1-4)] in his heart, so let him give; not grudgingly [reluctantly or out of grief, regret, sorrow], or of necessity [the obligation of duty; not because they thought they had to give, but because they wanted to give]: for God loveth a cheerful [hilarious, glad, or merry (these words indicate the idea of willingness); Paul wanted for the collection for the needy saints to be a happy occasion; proper giving brings joy rather than pain, as in the expression “give until it hurts”] giver.
9:8 And God is able to make all grace [God’s favor] abound toward you; that ye, always having all sufficiency in all things [more than enough], may abound [have enough left over to help others] to every good work:
9:9 (As it is written [cf. Ps. 112:9], He hath dispersed abroad; he hath given to the poor: his righteousness remaineth for ever.
9:10 [cf. Isa. 55:10; Hos. 10:12] Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for your food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase the fruits of your righteousness;)
[Paul said that God would bless the Corinthians for their generous giving…] Being enriched in every [spiritually and materially] thing to all bountifulness, which causeth through us thanksgiving to God.
9:12 For the administration of this service not only supplieth the want of the saints [the needy saints in Jerusalem], but is abundant also by many thanksgivings [for the financial aid; for the evidence that the (uncircumcised) Gentile Christians truly were their brothers and sisters in Christ] unto [from the recipients of the offering] God [God would receive praise because of the gift];
Whiles by the experiment of this ministration [rendered to the poor Christians in
And by their [Jewish Christians] prayer [the poor Jewish Christians in
Thanks be unto God for his unspeakable [word expresses the idea of “wonder beyond description”; this is the only occurrence of this word in the NT] gift [Jesus Christ].